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What Are OD and HR?

Article Written by John Berry on 11th May 2016. Revised 3rd January 2019.

Organisational development (OD) is different from human resource management (HRM).

HRM (or just HR) is the discipline that defines what management should do to get the best from their people across the employment cycle. This is shown as a cycle from when an employee enters a firm at recruitment and leaves at termination.

Organisational Development Cycle
The HR Cycle

This employment cycle, managed by HRM, sustains a status quo and evolves central HR activities. It aims for an established state of affairs to realise certain organisational outcomes like turnover, profit, safety and quality.

Organisational development, on the other hand, contains all the management activity that causes change to that status quo. This is shown below.

Organisaiotnal Development Framework
The OD Framework

OD begins with the development of strategy – the mission, values and vision of the organisation - and goes on to define the various activities needed to achieve those.

The ultimate outcome of OD is change that in turn yields achievement of the strategy. Once change is embedded, HRM takes over to stabilise outcomes.

TimelessTime is a consulting firm that works with managers to undertake all aspects of OD and HRM. Check out all of TimelessTime's services.

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